Mumbai: Ayodhya, one of the holiest pilgrimage site in India where people believes Lord Ram was born. Till 1992 a mosque stood there where believers believed the Ram was born. Then on 6th of December 1992 thousands of Hindu activists who were gathered in Ayodhya brought down the Mosque 464 years after it was built. It is said that in 1528 when Babar came and rule over Hindusthan, his general, Mir Baqi build the Mosque in Ayodhya. The mosque stood there and for hundreds of years, a section of people believed that the Mosque was built by demolishing Ram Temple.
In 1853 the first record exists of Hindu-Muslim Riots over the issue of Ram Temple in Ayodhya. The then ruler in India, East India Company’s general ordered to put up fences dividing 2 courtyards I.e, Inner courtyard and Outer courtyard. Muslims were told to pray in the Inner courtyard and Hindu’s were told to pray in the Outer Courtyard. A small wooden platform came up in the outer courtyard where an idol of Ramlalla was established and so remained as it is for 96 years.
In 1947 when Britishers left India dividing India and Pakistan then started communal violence and a voice began to get Hindu control over Babri Masjid and establishing Ram Mandir in its place. In 1948 district magistrate declared the state as disputed land and locked the main door of the Babri Masjid. On the night of 22-23 December 1949, an idol of Ramlalla appeared inside the mosque it was placed in the inner courtyard. The Hindus immediately claimed it as a miracle. Over the few days, the news spread as wildfire and people gathered on that spot.
In early 1950 the first suit was filed in court by Gopal Singh Visharad demanding for the right to worship. The court restrained the removal of Idols and allowed worships to begin.
In 1959 Nirmohi Akhada filed a suit asking for the possession of the spot claiming it was the custodian for the spot at which Ram was born.
In December 1981 Uttar Pradesh’s, Sunni Central Board of Waqf moved to court to the possession of Babri Masjid.
In Feb 1986 The Rajiv Gandhi Government in what was seen as a move to appease the Hindu’s told the UP state government to remove its objections to the unlocking of the Babri Masjid. Given an assurance that it would not create any law and order situation. The district court of Faizabad ordered to remove the lock. All the devotees got access to their Ramlalla.
On 1st July 1989, a civil suit was filed in the name of Shri Ramlalla Virajman for declaration and possession of Babri Masjid. On 23rd October 1989, all four disputes were merged and transferred to the special bench of Allahabad High Court.
But after a year, 23 October 1990 L.K.Advani was arrested at Samastipur in Bihar bringing to a halt for his 28 days Rath Yatra. The then BJP President LK Advani planned to run a modern chariot called Rath Yatra, starting from Somnath Mandir at Gujarat and ending at Ayodhya. He planned to reach Ayodhya on October 30 to participate in massive Hindu mobilization which was underway to build Ram Mandir in Ayodhya at the spot of Babri Masjid.
Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Bajrang Dal activist continued to gather in Ayodhya. There was said to the police to stop Karsevaks to enter the city but somehow managed to enter the city. On October 30 1990, thousands of Hindu volunteers and Karsevaks pushed into Babri masjid. A few volunteers even managed to climb on the dome of the Mosque and put the saffron flag at the top. As instructed by Government to police that there shouldn’t be any damage to the Mosque the police fired at the crowd. In 1991 at Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the BJP won with an absolute majority.
The newly elected chief minister Kalyan Singh handed over the 2,77-acre land which was in front of the Babri Masjid to the Ram Janmaboomi Nyas on lease. In October 1992 the VHP announced a grand Karseva on the 6th of December in the same year. On 27 December 1992 state government appealed to the Supreme court that Babri Masjid will be fully protected. By 5th December 1992, an estimate of 5 lakh people gathered around the disputed structure. On 6th December 1992 at around 12 pm, all three domes of Masjid were demolished by Karsevaks and Volunteers. At around 4 pm the whole Masjid was demolished.
Since that date, the disputed land is under heavy security The Idol of Ramlalla has remained under the saffron cloth. For 27 years devotees came through narrow security pathways to get a glimpse of their god. While the Muslims stayed away fighting the case.
In April 2002 the Allahabad Highcourt began the hearing about who owns the disputed land. On 30 September 2010 Allahabad Highcourt ordered to divide the land into 3 parts. One third for the Sunni Waqf Board, One third for the Nirmohi Akhada and One third for the part of Ramlalla.
In May 2011 the Supreme Court issued the stay order on the entire 67-acre area. In December 2017, 32 civil right activists filed a plea challenging the 2010 Allahabad verdict. In December 2017, a three-judge bench led by the then Chief Justice of India Dipak Mishra began the final hearing. On 2nd of October 2018, Justice Mishra retired. In February 2019 a new five-judge bench under Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi began hearing. In August 2019 daily hearings began. On 16th October 2019, the daily hearing for the disputed land concluded.
The Judgement of the case was given on 9 November. The five-judge Supreme Court bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi read out a unanimous judgment and ruled in favour of the Ram Janmabhoomi and said there will be Ram Mandir at the disputed site and Muslims will be given an alternate 5 acre land for their mosque.
The Supreme Court heard the long-pending Ayodhya land dispute for a period of 40 days at a stretch and pronounced the historic verdict on Saturday as the nation waited with bated breath.